Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. Formicarius. Front Cover · Johannes Nider. Formicarius: Dialogus ad vitam christianam exemplo conditionum Formice Johannes Nider Full view -.
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Many of formicagius stories relating to witchcraft take place in the Simme Valley and were told to Nider by Peter of Bernwho had conducted many witch trials in the region. Probably the most famous one was jphannes by French Inquisitor Bernard Gui around The fifth book, on witches, is structured around the colors of ants. The Formicariuswritten by Johannes Nider during the Council of Basel and formicxrius printed inis the second book ever printed to discuss witchcraft the first book being Fortalitium Fidei .
Nider, a Dominican reformer himself, intended the book to reach as wide an audience as possible through its use in popular sermons. The fourth book deals with the virtues of saints and other holy people, using the stages of an ant’s life cycle. Prior to the fifteenth century, magic was thought to be performed by educated males who performed intricate rituals. Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only. The third book examines false visions and uses the variable sizes and kinds of ants.
Valais witch trials nnider Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa witch trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial Description This image is taken from a digitized version of the Formicarius, a text written by Johannes Nider in the 15th century 1.
A Documentary History, 2nd ed. Additionally, each of the twelve chapters of each book was based on one of sixty johannea of ants’ lives. This article is about the book. The work is further of note for its information regarding notably infamous figures of the time, one of formixarius was the sorcerer Scavius, who reputedly firmicarius his enemies on multiple occasions by metamorphosing into a mouse.
Salem witch trials — Added by Christopher Hightower. The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna. In each case, the student quickly becomes bored and asks for contemporary examples.
After the theologian would present these, the student asks clarifying questions that Nider used to dispel what he saw as common misconceptions. The Formicarius would have functioned as a kind of preacher’s manual, with stories tailor-made for use in sermons.
Nider presents reform and proper adherence to Dominican rites as the surest counter to witchcraft. This article related to a book about religion is a stub. Nider explained that females were capable of such acts by pointing out what he considered their inferior physical, mental and moral capacity.
The first book focuses on the deeds of good men and women and is organized around the occupations of ants. University of Pennsylvania Press,p. The treatise is organized the various forms and conditions of the lives of ants. Views Read Edit View history.
Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some. Retrieved from ” https: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Please see link for more information: Nider used the ant colony as a metaphor for a harmonious society.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Search Search using this query type: You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. In Nider’s Formicariusthe witch is described as uneducated and more commonly female. Pennsylvania State University Press. The idea that any persons could perform acts of magic simply by devoting themselves to the devil scared people of this time and proved to be one of the many factors that led people to begin fearing magic [ citation needed ].
The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format. johannss
Formicarius – Johannes Nider – Google Books
Unlike his successors, he did not emphasize the idea of the Formicafius Sabbath and was skeptical of the claim that witches could fly by night. Nider was one of the first to transform the idea of sorcery to its more modern perception of witchcraft. This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.
With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on their earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century. Nider dealt specifically with witchcraft in the fifth section of the book. Formicarius Dublin Core Title Formicarius.
Witchcraft in Europe, This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat