Pursuant to Sections 37 and 77 of Republic Act No. , an Act Ordaining. Reforms in the Philippine Electric Power Industry, otherwise known as the. “ Electric. FIFTEEN YEARS ago, Congress enacted the Electric Power Industry Reform Act ( Republic Act No. , aka Epira), aimed to achieve reliable. Congress of the Philippines Eleventh Congress Third Regular Session REPUBLIC ACT NO AN ACT ORDAINING REFORMS IN THE ELECTRIC POWER.

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Competition can pressure price declines overall while improving electricity supply quality and reliability. But it can only be as effective as how well we enforce it to ensure sufficient eipra in the industry, and how well we ensure that we have adequate power supplies, regular and reserve alike.

PSALM was created to take ownership of all existing generation assets, independent power producers IPP contracts, real estate and all other disposable assets, and to assume all liabilities and obligations of NPC.

The way the WESM works, all participating gencos must submit, for every trading session, generation offers that include the minimum and maximum megawatts they can generate, and at what price.

But in dire straits, such as in the post-Yolanda period, even the most expensive last-priority offer ended up being dispatched, leading to the incredible price hike. Font Size A A A. Remove monopolies in the power industry through privatization of the National Power Corp. Consequently, the generation charge in our Meralco bills that month went la to a P3. Shortcut for contact page or form inquiries.

The EPIRA is working

There are testable success criteria for each guideline. While intended as a venue for market competition to set power prices, many see the WESM as a venue for alleged collusion among generation companies gencos instead.

The Energy Regulatory Commission ERC eventually reversed these charges, but consumers already got a taste of what could possibly go wrong. The flaw in the system was that gencos that did not want to dispatch power could artificially jack up their prices to the WESM-allowable maximum, so their electricity would be the last priority for dispatch.

Shortcut for FAQ page. Three, from to last six yearspower generation has expanded 1. The cheapest power sources are prioritized for dispatch to epiga. The WESM has in fact proven its worth, showing that it can bring prices down when there are ample supplies to fill demand.


By continuing, you are agreeing to our lxw of cookies. That September dip was in fact the lowest since Octoberwhen record rainfall levels close to high power-consuming Metro Manila brought about cooler weather, and also led to higher dispatch of cheap hydroelectric power.

Yearend thoughts on the AFP. Accessibility key for redirecting to homepage. Today This Week This Month The law has been blamed for high prices and price volatility due to the removal of government power subsidies, the layering on of profits due to the unbundling of the different industry subsectors, and the introduction of the Wholesale Electricity Spot Market WESM.

Critics have called for its review or even outright repeal due to its supposed ineffectiveness.

The EPIRA is working | BusinessWorld

Before that law, the government-owned National Power Corporation NPC was the single-biggest debtor agency and the single-biggest deficit generator, fiscally bleeding the taxpayers while providing unreliable power supply. Shortcut for site map footer agency section of the page.

This suggests low productivity and efficiency under the NPC. This shows again higher efficiency and lower prices by private players. Compliance to these criteria is measured in three levels: Yet many sectors still glamorize that dark era of state monopoly and endless fiscal deficits.

On the other hand, TransCo was created to take over the electric transmission function of NPC and the responsibility for planning construction and centralized operation and maintenance of high voltage transmission facilities including grid interconnections and ancillary services. These include generation, distribution, and transmission charges — the three costliest items — as well as supply, universal, system loss, and metering charges. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.

Thursday, 11 October Napocor inaugurates first mini grid in Palawan Friday, 21 September Napocor restores power to Typhoon Ompong affected islands and off-grid areas Thursday, 06 September Napocor remits dividends to the national coffers Thursday, 30 August Napocor terminates water spilling operations at San Roque dam. Shortcut for viewing the content section of the current page. Epira is in fact working. But other countries that have yet to move away from subsidized power are already pursuing their own versions of Epira, on the recognition that their power pricing regimes cannot be sustainable.


EPIRA has significantly changed this, moving away from a state monopoly to a competitive sector with dozens of competing players in power generation alone. Its prices reached their lowest for the year in Septemberwith the recovery in supply after plants came back from shutdowns, coupled with the drop in oil and coal prices. This means the private owners of NPC-privatized power plants were more efficient in optimizing the capacity and efficiency of those plants.

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Statement page that will show the available accessibility keys. Shortcut for feedback page. The EPIRA organized the industry into four 4 sectors, generation, lwa, distribution and supply. To find out more, please click this link.

The major aspects of the reforms include the 1 restructuring of the entire power industry to introduce competition in the generation sector, 2 change from government to private ownership, and 3 introduction of a stable regulatory framework for the electricity sector.

But our electricity prices have stayed high and consistently among the highest in the region. InNPC was converted into a stock corporation wholly owned by the government under Republic Act Read our privacy guidelines.

We reserve the right to exclude comments which are inconsistent with our editorial standards. One, installed capacity from to — the decade before EPIRA — expanded twice but power generation expanded only by 1. Press esc, or click the close the button to close this dialog box.

Historical Background

With these, electricity prices should go down. This certifies it as a stable and referenceable technical standard. The PEMC fined the violating companies, who took the matter to the courts. The most expensive dispatched electricity becomes the basis price for that trading session, and all dispatched electricity is bought from the gencos at that price. Inits charter was revised by virtue of Republic Actas amended.