Craniofrontonasal dysplasia is a very rare X-linked malformation syndrome caused by mutations in the ephrin-B1 gene (EFNB1). Phenotypic expression varies. Disease definition. Craniofrontonasal dysplasia is an X-linked malformation syndrome characterized by facial asymmetry (particularly orbital), body asymmetry. Learn in-depth information on Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia, its causes, symptoms , diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, and.

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Treatment of CFND depends upon the specific malformations and their severity in each individual patient, and the timing of diagnosis. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Expert curators review the literature and organize it to facilitate your work. Two male relatives, including the father of the 2 affected daughters, had orbital hypertelorism and other minor anomalies.

Affected Populations CFND is a very rare genetic disorder that affects females more often than males. Long-term surgical outcome for craniofacial deformities of patients rysplasia craniofrontonasal dysplasia with proven EFNB1 mutations. CFNS is characterized in females by hypertelorism, coronal craniosynostosis, craniofacial asymmetry, frontal bossing, downslanting palpebral fissures, clefting of the nasal tip, longitudinally grooved fingernails, and other digital anomalies Vasudevan et al.

Unfortunately, it is not free to produce.

Craniofrontonasal dysplasia

Related Disorders Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of craniofrontonasal dysplasia. Craniofrontonasal dysostosis with deafness and axillary pterygia.

The symptoms of CFND vary greatly in number and severity among affected individuals.

Health care resources for this disease Expert centres Diagnostic tests 39 Patient organisations 45 Orphan drug s 0. CFND is a very rare genetic disorder that affects females more often than males.

In addition, one shoulder may be unusually high due to the failure of the major bone of the shoulder scapula to move into the appropriate position during fetal development Sprengel deformity.


We need long-term secure funding to provide you the information that you need at your fingertips. The Headlines Family Weekend is our main event, which we host annually and generally runs cranjofrontonasal Saturday morning to Sunday lunch time. A diagnosis of CFND may be suspected after a thorough clinical evaluation and characteristic physical findings.

A rudimentary postaxial finger on this hand was surgically removed in infancy, and the nails of several other fingers and toes also showed a median longitudinal split. Craniofrontonasal dysplasia CFND is a very rare inherited disorder characterized by body — especially facial – asymmetry, midline defects, skeletal abnormalities, and dermatological abnormalities. All daughters of affected males were affected, a finding consistent with X-linked dominant inheritance. Alport syndrome Dent’s disease X-linked nephrogenic diabetes cranipfrontonasal.

In most patients, Sprengel deformity appears to occur randomly with no apparent cause sporadic. Continued financial support is essential to maintain the work of Headlines.

CCC ]. The skull tends to be short from front to back referred to descriptively as Brachycephaly coronal sutures. A team approach for infants and children with this disorder may be of benefit and may include special social support and other medical services. In females, findings included severe hypertelorism with extremely broad nasal root and severe craniofacial asymmetry, including orbital asymmetry probably caused by unicoronal synostosis.

It is possible that a male may show no symptoms but be a carrier of the gene mutation for CFND. It was first recognised as a distinct condition in by Professor Michael Cohen who worked in Craniofrontonaxal. Frontofacionasal dysplasia is inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic condition. Long-term results after 40 years experience with treatment of rare facial clefts: Diverse clinical and genetic aspects of craniofrontonasal syndrome.

Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

The origin of EFNB1 mutations in craniofrontonasal syndrome: An excess of females Radiocephalometric findings in a family with craniofrontonasal dysplasia. Cellular interference in craniofrontonasal syndrome: The paternal grandmother did not have hypertelorism, but had a dysplastic left fifth toe and a reported ‘chest deformity’ that was not examined.


Rarely, the disorder may be inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic condition. All 6 patients had documented coronal vraniofrontonasal and exhibited severe hypertelorism; other features included agenesis of the corpus callosum, bifid nasal tip, longitudinally split nails, cryptorchidism, and mild learning disability.

Expanding the phenotype of craniofrontonasal syndrome: The mothers both had classic features of CFNS. Plast Reconstr Surg One male with 2 affected daughters and no other children was judged to be unaffected or to have at the most ‘microsymptoms.

The mouth was tent-shaped, with a pseudocleft-like philtrum of the upper lip and high-arched palate. Johnson suggested that some disorders may show up only in heterozygotes as a result of adverse interaction of 2 alleles, neither of which occasions abnormality when homozygous or hemizygous. Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome 1B. Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your cganiofrontonasal. Added to published information, 8 affected males had reproduced, producing 21 females, all affected, and 8 males, all unaffected.

These results supported cellular interference as being the cause of the more severe phenotype in CFNS dysllasia. Archived copy as title Infobox medical condition new. In addition, the mother had also previously undergone therapeutic abortion of a female fetus with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. More mildly affected males did not have craniosynostosis but did show hypertelorism, broad great toes, and grooved nails.

One son of an affected female was considered to be dyspplasia because of hypertelorism with an inner canthal distance greater than the 97th centile at 9 years of age. Years Published,