About the Classification Download. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Class Liliopsida. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. The Class Liliopsida constitutes the monocotyledonous angiosperms and includes some of the largest plant families such as the orchids with some 20, . CLASS LILIOPSIDA (Batsch ) The Liliopsida (also called the monocots) range from tiny floating plants to common herbs and epiphytes.
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Saffron is classified into Magnoliophyta division, class Liliopsida and order Asparagales. In some species, the sheath extends beyond the next node, so that consecutive leaf sheaths overlap, hiding the nodes.
Retrieved 23 January The second largest to Orchidaceae and one of the most successful of families of monocotyledons is the grass family, classified as the Family Poaceae or Gramineae and comprising nearly 10, species distributed more widely than any other angiosperm family. This name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Liliaceae by the termination -opsida Art 16 of the ICBN.
The grasses also have a fairly specific body plan that is immediately recognizable and very successful for colonizing seasonally dry landscapes, yet modifiable to suit a wide range of ecological conditions. With but a few exceptions, the green leaves arise at nodes alternately up the culm.
If the veins are conspicuous, the leaf is striate; if the veins are raised, the leaf is ribbed. Commelinidaesubclass Commelinidae – one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises about 19, species in 25 families of mostly terrestrial herbs especially of moist places including: The internal taxonomy in the Cronquist system is.
Classification | USDA PLANTS
In other languages Add lilio;sida. Kubitzki, Klaused. CS1 Russian-language sources ru. This page was last edited on 30 Augustat Grasses that grow in shady places may have lanceolate or even ovate leaf blades. It is considered synonymous or nearly synonymous with the name monocotyledon.
Alismatidaesubclass Alismatidae – one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises about species in 14 families of aquatic and semiaquatic herbs.
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Palmae; Araceae; Pandanaceae and Lemnaceae Commelinidaesubclass Commelinidae – one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises about 19, species in 25 families of mostly terrestrial herbs especially of moist places including: Earlier systems referred to this group by the name Monocotyledones, with Monocotyledoneae an earlier spelling these names may be used in any rank. Symposium, Hamburg, September 8—12, Evolution and classification of higher categories. Palmae; Araceae; Pandanaceae and Lemnaceae.
On the inner, upper surface of the leaf, between the sheath and the blade, is an outgrowth called a ligule. Although there is variation in leaf blade shape, most grasses have linear-shaped leaves that are many times longer than wide, with margins that are parallel then taper to a point at the apex. Smaller units of the inflorescence are called spikelets and these are arranged on one or more branches in a wide variety of different liliopsifa to which the standard terminology for inflorescences can be applied, but using the spikelet instead of the individual flower.
Arecidaesubclass Arecidae – one of four subclasses or superorder of Monocotyledones; comprises about species in 5 families of trees and shrubs and terrestrial herbs and a few free-floating aquatics including: Oh, the things you can do with bamboo! Roots may also develop from a node where the node comes into contact with the ground as in decumbent and prostrate stems. A stolon is a stem that creeps across the surface of the ground, and is really a basal branch of vlasse culm that will develop roots and shoots from some or all of its nodes.
Cyperaceae; Gramineae; Bromeliaceae; and Zingiberaceae Liliidaesubclass Liliidae – one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises 17 families including: Takhtajan, Armen Leonovich Quantitave studies of inter-relationships amongst the Liliatae.
All or a portion of an internode may liliopsdia surrounded by the basal part of the leaf known as the sheath. Switch to new thesaurus. Cyperaceae; Gramineae; Bromeliaceae; and Zingiberaceae. The culm is a rounded or slightly flattened stem with one or more solid joints known as nodes. The upper end of the sheath, known as the sheath mouth is the collar on the lower outer surface that may be produced into short appendages called auricles. Liliatae  is a botanical name for the class containing the family Liliaceae or Lily Family.
Liliaceae; Alliaceae; Amaryllidaceae; Iridaceae; Orchidaceae; Trilliaceae AlismalesNaiadalesorder Alismalesorder Naiadales – an order of aquatic monocotyledonous herbaceous plants. The grasses have reduced floral structures compared with most angiosperms for the reason that grasses are almost exclusively pollinated by wind. Although in principle it is true that circumscription of this class will vary with the taxonomic system being used, in practice this name is very strongly linked to the Cronquist systemand the allied Takhtajan system.
Publication of the name is credited to Scopoli in AlismalesNaiadalesorder Alismalesorder Naiadales – an order of aquatic monocotyledonous herbaceous plants. AngiospermaeAnthophytaclass Angiospermaedivision Anthophytadivision MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta – comprising flowering plants that produce seeds enclosed in an ovary; in some systems considered a class Angiospermae and in others a division Magnoliophyta or Anthophyta.
The longitudinal edges of the sheath may overlap, completely surrounding the culm, or the sheath may be tubular the margins connate.
Origin and dispersalEdinburgh: In summary the monocotyledons were named: The leaves are attached at the nodes and if the stem is not simple but branched, branches arise only at nodes.