Biomining-A useful approach toward metal extraction Abstract: Biomining is the extraction of specific metals from their ores through .. Rawlings, D.E., Biomining [Douglas E. Rawlings, D. Barrie Johnson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Biomining uses microorganisms to recover metals, . Editorial Reviews. From the Back Cover. Biomining is the biotechnology that uses Biomining – Kindle edition by Douglas E. Rawlings, D. Barrie Johnson.

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It is concluded that the future of reactors in biomining is promising and that new applications, such as the bioleaching of copper concentrates, will soon be a reality. Foreign Gene Expression in Fission Yeast: A gas mass balance around the bioreactor gives Wang and Humphrey, rawlinfs State of the art and prospects of bacterial tank leaching in the production of non-ferrous and rare metals. A kinetic study of the leaching of chalcopyrite with Sulfolobus metallicus. Heaps and dumps are irrigated in closed circuit with an acidic liquor that contains a fraction of the bacterial population, the rest being attached to mineral.

Electronic Journal of Biotechnology is not responsible if ralwings references cited on manuscripts are not available any more after the date of publication.

A status review of mixing in bioreactors. Description, Physiology and Role.

Biomining – Google Books

Advancing reactor designs for the gold bioleaching process. Table 3 lists the most commonly used type of impellers.

In contrast, heap reactors provide highly heterogeneous biomininf environments that change with the age of the heap, and these tend to be colonized by a much greater variety of micro-organisms. Engineering considerations in bioleach reactor design. Either through strip-mining or blasting, raw ore is obtained raalings extraction of copper.


Effect of solids on oxygen transfer in agitated three-phase systems. There has been much debate over how At. In the biooxidation process, bacteria partially oxidize the sulfide coating covering the gold microparticles in ores and concentrates.

Copper Mining Using Acidothiobacillus

Heap Leaching of Gold-Bearing Deposits: Bioleaching of minerals – a valid alternative for developing countries. An important early work was that of Zwieteringwho studied the minimum required stirrer speed referred afterwards as critical speed and the stirrer dimensions for the complete suspension of solids. Shake flask to fermentor: These sulfides difficult the contact between cyanide and gold, resulting in low metal recoveries. The application of these technologies to the processing of nickel, zinc, and other heavy metals may also become a reality in the near future.

Biomining : Theory, Microbes and Industrial Processes

Oxygen and carbon diooxide mass transfer and the aerobic, autotrophic cultivation of moderate and extreme thermophiles: Schizosaccharomyces pombe Yuko Giga-Hama. Back in the fifties investigators were mainly looking for impellers that specifically enhanced oxygen transfer, but they neglected other important factors such as mixing, impeller gas flooding and power consumption, which are all negative assets for the disk turbine Humphrey, From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource.

Factors affecting bio-oxidation of sulfide minerals at high concentration of solids: Factors affecting bacterial mineral oxidation: The use of reactors will most probably extended to the bioleaching of other metals, such as bkomining. Microbiological oxidation of minerals in tailings.

The main limitation in the use of reactors in biomining is the very large amounts of run-of-mine ore that in most cases is to be treated.


Today bioleaching is rwlings applied as the main process in large-scale operations in copper mining and as an important pretreatment stage in the processing of refractory gold ores.

Trends in Biotechnology 3: By eliminating the physical act of ore mining, a significant portion of the costs is cut from the process. The performance of bacterial leach reactors for the pre-oxidation of refractory gold-bearing sulphide concentrates.

Bioleaching of heavy metals, biooxidation of gold ores, desulfurization of rawlinys and oil, tertiary recovery of oil and biosorption of metal ions are examples of the wide variety of potential and actual applications of microorganisms in mining blomining related fields Karavaiko, ; Kelley and Tuovinen, ; Lawrence and Poulin, ; Rawlings, ; Brierley and Brierley, Key aspects in the design of a bacterial oxidation reactor.

As stated previously, tank bioleaching is a three-phase system composed by the incoming air and the outlet gas, the acidic aqueous liquor, and the microbial cells and fawlings particles. Amils R and Ballester A. Continuous-flow, stirred tanks are characterized by homogeneous and constant growth conditions where the selection is for rapid growth, and consequently tank consortia tend to be dominated biomoning two or three species of micro-organisms.

The use of reactors in biomining processes.