The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.
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These things are unskillful, blameworthy, not to be sktta, unworthy of the noble ones—and are reckoned as such. It was the colour of fine ghee or butter, and it was very sweet, like pure wild honey. Here they dwell, mind-made, feeding on delight, self-luminous, moving through the air, glorious — and they stay like that for a very long time.
King Pasenadi of Kosala knows that the ascetic Gotama has gone forth from the neighboring clan of the Sakyans. Because anyone from the four castes, if they left the worldly affairs and became a monk, and due to their discipline and struggle, they become arahantpeople who conquered their mind’s stains, have done whatever what must be done, have been relieved from the burden, have broken the bondage of birth, achieved freedom, freed due to achieved knowledge, then he is the best among others based on Truth Dhamma.
I gathered agfanna for four days all at once. All of the castes, from Brahmin, Khattiya, Vessa, and Sudda originated from these people, and not from others; in accordance to the Dhamma and not by others. In so doing, it became taken with the flavour, and craving arose in it. So, they settled in aggajna cities, did not meditate, but compiled books. The Sakyans show deference to King Pasenadi by bowing down, rising up, greeting him with joined palms, and observing proper etiquette for him.
They both approach the Buddha and after some formal proprieties, the Buddha asks the two if they received insults and denigration when they sufta their caste and layman’s life in order to join the order. Owing to this, many other creatures began to store and hoard the rice.
That is what the Buddha said. How on earth can one being do that to another? He is powerful, I am weak. But some of those beings were unable to keep up with their meditation in the leaf huts in the wilderness.
Devolution and Evolution in the Agganna Sutta | Sugunasiri | Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies
Part of a series on Buddhism History. Even the monarch thinks like xgganna And as they continued to feed on the fungus, so their bodies became coarser still, and the difference in their looks increased still more. We shall pay them with a share of rice.
suta The fact is that the women in the Brahmin caste can get pregnant, give birth, and take care of their children. There was already the distinction between male and female. And this lasted for a very long time. At a time of contraction, beings are mostly born in the Abhassara Brahma world.
Some beings became good-looking, others ugly. Previous The Wheel-Turning Monarch. Today many would agree with the sentiment expressed.
Owing to this excessive preoccupation with each other, sutt was aroused, and their bodies burnt with lust.
Change the script of the Pali text This enables you to read the Pali text in various scripts. The two brahmins are insulted and maligned by their own caste for their intention to become members of the Sangha. Note that all the various forms of food mentioned are vegetarian. And from these four classes the class suttq ascetics came into existence.
Aggañña Sutta – Wikipedia
Proceed to the legacy version of SuttaCentral. They became preoccupied in tending their own field. The people called them ‘Ajjhayaka’ which meant ‘They who don’t meditate’. But so long as they ate that solid nectar, their bodies became more solid and they diverged in appearance; some beautiful, some ugly.
The Buddha then concluded his discourse to Vasettha and Bharadvaja: When the bursting pods had vanished, ripe untilled rice appeared to those beings.
He is handsome, I am ugly. View original text with translation This only works with certain texts, which include translations by Sujato and Brahmali. And as they did so, their bodies became coarser still, and the difference in their looks became even greater. Views Read Edit View history. But sooner or later, after a very long period, this world begins to expand again. Anyone, from four castes, who became a bhikku Monkarahantwho had eradicated stains of Mind, had done what must be done, had relieved himself from burden, who had attained freedom, who had broken the bondage of birth, who had been freed due to knowledge; then they would be declared as the best from all of them, in accordance to the Truth Dharma and not from the basis of not Truth adhamma.
Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies
But one accomplished in knowledge and conduct is best of gods and humans. They too were taken with the flavour, and craving arose in them. And there they dwell, mind-made, feeding on delight, self-luminous, moving through the air, glorious — and they stay like that for a very long time.
Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies 9: They offer him humble service and salute him, rise and do him homage and pay him fitting service. And the females developed female sex-organs, and the males developed male organs. And it was as sweet as pure manuka honey. Four Stages Arhat Buddha Bodhisattva.
The moon and sun were not qgganna, nor were stars and constellations, day and night, months and fortnights, years and seasons, or male and female. This, then, is the origin of the class of Vessas, in accordance with the ancient titles that were introduced for them.