: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.

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It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine. The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants. See List of Abuta species.

This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America avuta Abuta imene from Colombia. The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

New cholinesterase inhibiting bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It is in the tropical rain forest. The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most active being the dichloromethane extract of A.


The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb.

grnadifolia Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare.

The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat headache. Illustrations A-F from A.

Abuta grandifolia – Useful Tropical Plants

Engler, Das Pflanzenreich This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Plowman, For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation.

In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to treat colic in nervous granfifolia according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae.

Retrieved from ” https: A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et abua. Flowers in composed panicles.

The Plant-Book 2nd ed.

Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia [2012]

Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit. Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits.

Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers. Views Read Edit View history.


Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith – Menispermaceae: Neotropical plant images from Kew

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, grandigolia it contains always one of the species mentioned above.

Palmatine has a strong antipyretic abuuta as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al. Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America. This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract brandifolia Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.

It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves. Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis.

But today this substance is produce artificially.